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Beginner’s Guide to the TOEFL Independent Essay

6 września 2019

Beginner’s Guide to the TOEFL Independent Essay

This guide is for low-level students writing their TOEFL that is first independent. Advanced students might wish to skip straight to our advanced guide.

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(note, students in a rush may wish to skip straight to our TOEFL essay templates)

Begin by making an overview of one’s essay. Glance at the picture below:

The student starts by writing a point that is“main at the top the chart. This might be her “answer” into the relevant question posed by the exam.

Underneath the main point the student writes two “reasons” to support the main point. They are broad and not too specific. However, they have to be unique. The causes really should not be just like each other.

The student writes two “details. below each one of the reasons” they are more specific. They offer the good reasons and explain why they have cited the reasons. They may also include examples through the student’s life that support the reasons.

Here’s an illustration outline for the question: “what’s the best gift to offer to a child?” It had been authored by an student that is actual. Look at it closely:

The student has filled in the outline point-form that is using (not complete sentences). Her main point is gift that is“Best pet.”

Her two reasons are “it is educational” and “it is a good friend.”

The information from the first reason are “learn responsibility” and “learn stages of life.” The important points from the second reason are “never judgmental” and “children often alone these days.” The student has bigger ideas. this woman is likely to come up with how care that is taking of pet teaches responsibility and this woman is planning to write that students are along because their parents are often away. nevertheless the outline is just her initial ideas.

The others with this article will show how exactly to turn this outline into a complete essay. I’ll use simple English throughout the article. Advanced level students should probably use more advanced vocabulary and sentence structure.

I teach my students to create a four paragraph essay in the independent writing section. This sort of essay is for enough time and that can be completed in the time allowed. Advanced level students might try writing a five essay that is paragraph.

The four paragraph structure is:

  • Introductory Paragraph
  • Body Paragraph 1
  • Body Paragraph 2
  • Concluding Paragraph

Let’s start with the introductory paragraph:

My students use a sentence-by-sentence way to write their introductions. The technique is this:

  • Sentence one: A “hook.” It is an sentence that is interesting comes before your main point. It references the relevant question and draws your reader in to the essay.
  • Sentence two: Your main point. In a single good, clear sentence state your main point. Don’t be too long. Arrive at the idea!
  • Sentence three: A transitional sentence. Try something like “I feel this real way for two reasons.”
  • Sentence four: A one sentence summary of your first reason. Begin this sentence with “first” (you can leave this out if you’re low on time).
  • Sentence five: A one sentence summary of the second reason. Begin this sentence with “second” (you can leave this out if you should be low on time).

Referring to the question above and making use of the given template, you might write an introduction like this:

“There are many great gifts that could be given to a young child. I believe that the best gift to offer a young child is a pet. Personally I think because of this for two main reasons, which I will explore within the following essay. First, a pet can be extremely educational. Second, a pet could be a beneficial friend to a child that is young.

Remember that there are no references to your details in this paragraph. Save those for the body paragraphs.

Next step: Writing a physical body paragraph

It’s your possiblity to show off your essay writing ability. I don’t teach a strict model for this an element of the essay.

I really do however, possess some rules that are basic. They’ve been:

  1. Each reason gets its own paragraph. Do not combine your reasons into one paragraph.
  2. Start very first paragraph with a transitional word or phrase like “first,” “to begin with,” and your next paragraph with “second” or „secondly.”
  3. At the start of each body paragraph, clearly state your reason. Don’t use a hook, get to the just point. Next, state your details one after another, expanding every one to 3 or four sentences. It is possible to expand by including a personal example from your life. Including personal examples from your daily life in the essay is okay. In fact, i would suggest it.
  4. Attempt to use transitional phrases in betwixt your details (“moreover,” “furthermore,” “also”).

Here is an example body paragraph made making use of the outline that is above

„To begin with, a pet is a very educational gift. Having a pet teaches children responsibility. A pet needs to be fed every and be given a chance to exercise day. The owner of a pet also has to observe the ongoing health of their pet and do something if it becomes sick. Practicing this form of responsibility is likely to make a kid more mature. Moreover, a pet will help teach a young child concerning the stages of life. Animals grow even more quickly than humans and a young child can learn a great deal by observing how their pet grows up. I had a pet gecko as a young child and watching it grow from a child to a adult that is full-sized me a lot and got me very thinking about biology and nature.”

Remember that the outline was followed by this paragraph above quite closely. I stated my reason and then supported it with details. I expanded the information significantly from the point-form utilized in my outline.

My second body paragraph is written in much the same way:

„Secondly, personally i think that a pet makes friend that is great. It really is best for children to own pets because they are never judgmental. A child might have a bad day at school or he could be in a fight with his friends, but he will never fight along with his pet. It will love him unconditionally. Furthermore, pets can prevent children from being lonely. These days parents in many cases are too busy to expend time along with their children. They frequently leave their kids home alone. This may leave some kids feeling lonely, but people that have pets will feel alone. never

And that is the body that is whole of essay! Focus on how I used transitional words („moreover” and „furthermore”) in the middle the two details in each paragraph.

I’m not a huge fan of lengthy concluding paragraphs, due to the fact the essay that is independent pretty short. But i actually do teach a three sentence technique:

  • Sentence one: re-state your main point and begin with a phrase like “to sum it up…”
  • Sentence two: restate your two reasons, starting with a phrase that is transitional “this is because…”
  • Sentence three: Once again, restate your point that is main but different words

Here’s a conclusion for the essay we’ve been working with:

“To sum it up, personally i think that a pet is the very best gift to give to a young child. Simply because pets have become educational, in addition they make great friends. There actually is no better gift that a child can receive than a pet.”