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Structuring written work. Grammar, spelling and vocabulary

2 września 2019

Structuring written work. Grammar, spelling and vocabulary

Some assignments have a format that is standard such as for instance lab reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For any other assignments, you shall need certainly to show up with your structure.

Your structure might be guided by:

  • the assignment question. As an example, it may list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • the subject matter itself, which might suggest a structure predicated on chronology, process or location, as an example
  • your interpretation of this subject matter. For instance, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics if you wish worth focusing on
  • the dwelling of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Glance at how the given info is organised and sequenced. Be sure you modify the structure to match your purpose to prevent plagiarism.

Essays are a rather form that is common of writing. Like the majority of of the texts you write at university, all essays have the same basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion. However, the main body can be structured in a variety of ways.

To create a good essay:

Reports generally have a similar basic structure as essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the body that is main can vary widely, given that term ‘report’ is used for most forms of texts and purposes in numerous disciplines.

Find out as much as possible about what form of report is expected.

Just how to plan your structure

There are numerous ways to show up with a structure for the work. If you’re not sure how to overcome it, try some of the strategies below.

During and after reading your sources, take down notes and begin thinking about approaches to structure the ideas and facts into groups. For example:

  • search for similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other means of grouping and dividing the ideas under headings, such as advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or forms of theory
  • Use highlighters that are coloured symbols to tag themes or types of information in your readings or notes
  • Paste and cut notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a good idea to brainstorm a few different ways of structuring your assignment once you’ve a rough notion of the primary issues. Try this in outline form before you start writing – it’s much easier to re-structure an overview than a half-finished essay. As an example:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references could be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that do not fit into your overall purpose, and facts or references that are not useful for what you would like to discuss
  • when you have a lot of information, such as for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to show how each theory or relates that are reading each heading (this is often called a ‚synthesis grid’)
  • plan the number of paragraphs you want, this issue at risk of each one of these, and dot points for every single piece of information and reference needed
  • try a couple of different possible structures until you find the one that works best.

Eventually, you’ll have a plan that is detailed enough so that you could start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. You will also know where to find evidence for those basic ideas in your notes and also the sourced elements of that evidence.

If you’re having problems with the entire process of planning the structure of your assignment, consider trying a strategy that is different grouping and organising your details.

Making the structure clear

Your writing will be clear and logical to read through if it’s easy to see the structure and how it fits together. You can easily accomplish that in many ways.

  • Use the final end associated with introduction to show your reader what structure to expect.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to clearly mark the sections (if they are appropriate for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the beginning of each paragraph, to demonstrate your reader what the idea that is main, also to link back to the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The beginning of each sentence should link back to the main idea of the paragraph or a previous sentence.
  • Use conjunctions and linking words to show the dwelling of relationships between ideas. Examples of conjunctions include: however, similarly, on the other hand, for this reason, as a result and moreover.


All the kinds of texts you write for university must have an introduction. Its purpose would be to clearly tell your reader the topic, purpose and structure of this paper.

An introduction might be between 10 and 20 percent of the length of the whole paper and has three main parts as a rough guide.

  • It begins with the essential general information, such as for instance background and/or definitions.
  • The middle may be the core for the introduction, in which you show the overall topic, purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (according to what type of paper it is).
  • It ends most abundant in specific information, describing the scope and structure of the paper.

In the event that main body of one’s paper follows a predictable template, such as the method, results and discussion stages of a written report when you look at the sciences, you generally don’t need to include a guide to your structure in your introduction.

You ought to write your introduction once you know both your overall point of view (when it is a persuasive paper) and the whole structure of your paper. Alternatively, you ought to revise the introduction when you yourself have completed the main body.


Most academic writing is structured into paragraphs. It is useful to think about each paragraph as a mini essay with a three-part structure:

  • topic sentence (also called introductory sentence)
  • body of this paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The topic sentence introduces a general breakdown of this issue and also the purpose of the paragraph. With reddit respect to the period of the paragraph, this might be one or more sentence. The topic sentence answers the question ‚What’s the paragraph about?’.

The body of the paragraph elaborates entirely on this issue sentence by giving definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, for example.

The final sentence in lots of, but not all, paragraphs could be the sentence that is concluding. It will not present new information, but often either summarises or comments in the paragraph content. It may also provide a link, by showing how the paragraph links into the topic sentence of this paragraph that is next. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates back into the main topic.

You don’t have to create all of your paragraphs using this structure. For instance, there are paragraphs with no topic sentence, or perhaps the topic is mentioned near the final end of this paragraph. However, this really is an obvious and structure that is common makes it easy for your reader to check out.


The conclusion is closely associated with the introduction and it is often described as its ‘mirror image’. Which means in the event that introduction starts with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves in the opposite direction.

The final outcome usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the scope that is main structure of this paper
  • confirms the topic that has been given in the introduction. This may take the form of the aims for the paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a extensive research question/hypothesis and its particular answer/outcome.
  • ends with a more general statement about how this topic pertains to its context. This might use the as a type of an assessment of this importance of this issue, implications for future research or a recommendation about theory or practice.